Utility Poultry (Traditional Pure Breeds) were those strains in a few breeds that were selected to give high egg numbers and a good table meat carcass.

sadly there are few of these strains around any more, and few breeders who understand how to select for these qualities. 

It takes a lot of work to get birds to a good productive state, and to keep them there. 

If you are interested in Utility poultry and waterfowl and want to learn more and support these breeders : 
Check out the Old Poultry and Farming Ways group on Facebook. 

Maybe one day the Utility Poultry Breeders Association will reform ..